Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



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Sheikh Muhammad Abduh (Egypt 1849-1905) the top edict & head of Islamic verdict body (Mufti ) for Egypt & most Islamic countries in his time issued a verdict that the rulers of the Muslim countries can ally with non-Muslim countries for the benefit of the   believers or to fend or prevent any  damage or bring benefit to them and  that they should not ally with them in something that harms Muslims & this alliance is allowable in all times either times of weakness or strength 

ALLAH states in 

Q 3:28

لَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّـهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَن تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً ۗ وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّـهُ نَفْسَهُ ۗ وَإِلَى اللَّـهِ الْمَصِيرُ

translation “Let not believers take disbelievers as allies in opposition to believers. And whoever [of you] does that has nothing with Allah, except when taking precaution against them in prudence. And Allah warns you of Himself, and to Allah is the [final] destination.”———–


The Sheikh says that alliance is restricted only when this alliance is intended to harm the believers & puts the interests of disbelievers above & over the interests of believers

ALLAH also states in


لَّا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّـهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ

translation ” You will not find a people who believe in Allah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose & fight Allah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kindred”——

The Sheikh also says that the believers should not participate in works with non believers  who oppose & fight Allah& his messenger that do harm  & damage to believers  &  that trade or  any other transactions are allowable with non believers because these transactions do not oppose ALLAH or his messenger