Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



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In Quran narration & talking about Jews (Israeli sons ) , Quran says in Q7;168

مِّنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ

translation “of them are righteous, and of them are otherwise”

Some misinformed muslims & non muslims wrongly think that ALLAH anger is upon Jews /Israeil children in general . Sheikh “Muhammad Abduh” (1849-1905) the head of the Islamic Official Verdict body (Mufti) in Egypt & most Islamic world in his time wrote that this is a misconception & mistake where Quran never said so, but only limited this anger to those jews who disobeyed Allah & transgressed & killed their prophets & this anger example is applicable to any other nation doing the similar acts whereby “Abduh” quoted & commented on Quran verses addressing this issue as follows

1)      Q2;61

وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ وَالْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَاءُوا بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ اللَّـهِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّـهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ النَّبِيِّينَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ

Translation ‘And they were covered with humiliation and poverty and returned with anger from Allah [upon them]. That was because they [repeatedly] disbelieved in the signs of Allah and killed the prophets without right. That was because they disobeyed and were [habitually] transgressing.”—-


إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا وَالنَّصَارَىٰ وَالصَّابِئِينَ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَلَهُمْ أَجْرُهُمْ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ

وَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

Translation “Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews and Christians and Sabeans those who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness – will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve”—

Muhammad Abduh clarifies that this humiliation & anger from Allah is due to their disobeying to Allah & transgressing by rejection of Allah signs & their killing to the prophets , but the Quran followed this by saying that Allah then gave them mercy & if the Quran speech stopped there at the anger status & was not followed with the mercy of ALLAH afterwards , then every Jew on earth would have lost hope , not only every Jew , but this loss of hope & despair would have been tied to every disobeyer& transgressor either Jew or non Jew, Indeed the reason to what happened to the jews is not because they were jews but because of their disobeying & transgression to ALLAH laws, this is why ALLAH then mentions in verse 62

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَالَّذِينَ هَادُوا

translation“ Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews ” ——as an exception to the previous verse to prove that the recompense did not happen to the disobeying Jews except as a result of crimes they committed & which can be also committed by any other people , this crime is the disobedience& transgressing & violating ALLAH rules , so whomever does this crime whatever their race or ethnicity will be angered upon by ALLAH because ALLAH did not punish the Jews because they were Jews or children of Israel but because of

ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ ‘

“That was because they disobeyed and were [habitually] transgressing.”—-

the verse 62 above shows that the good jews & any other good believers will be rewarded for their good deeds from Allah

2)      then Quran says , Q2;63-64

وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَكُمْ وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَكُمُ الطُّورَ خُذُوا مَا آتَيْنَاكُم بِقُوَّةٍ وَاذْكُرُوا مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ ﴿٦٣﴾ ثُمَّ تَوَلَّيْتُم مِّن بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ فَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّـهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَكُنتُم مِّنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

Translation “And [recall] when We took your covenant, [O Children of Israel, to abide by the Torah] and We raised over you the mount, [saying], “Take what We have given you with determination and remember what is in it that perhaps you may become righteous. Then you turned away after that. And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would have been among the losers.”——

Muhammd Abduh says about this verse that ALLAH THEN GAVE GOOD HOPE TO THE JEWS IN HIS MERCY after he has warned them & showed them & other people that the gate to this hope is the right belief & good deeds , saying فَلَوْلَا فَضْلُ اللَّـهِ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَتُهُ لَكُنتُم مِّنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ “And if not for the favor of Allah upon you and His mercy, you would have been among the losers.”——


وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمُ الَّذِينَ اعْتَدَوْا مِنكُمْ فِي السَّبْتِ فَقُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ ﴿٦٥﴾ فَجَعَلْنَاهَا نَكَالًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهَا وَمَا خَلْفَهَا وَمَوْعِظَةً لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

translation “And you had already known about those who transgressed among you on Saturday, and We said to them, “Be (as )despised apes . And We made it a deterrent punishment for those who were present and those who succeeded [them] and a lesson for those who fear Allah”–

Muhammad Abduh says that ALLAH –as per verse- allowed Israeli children to work six days in a week & banned working on one day that is Saturday & asked on that day to observe & persevere on their religious duties & rituals so as to reduce their life greed , but some violated this Saturday order & acted as the apes & swines in their whims & bestial behavior & many interpreted that they were not physically turned into apes & swines but they were humiliated by ALLAH & refuted by the society & regarded as despicable as swines & apes , but also some interpreters say that they were physically turned to swines & apes , & I am in favor to the first interpretation (not physically turned)& this punishment is a lesson & example to any person who does similar act of violating & transgressing ALLAH limits

3) Allah in Quran also showed that jews/israeli children are also people of scripture & they are like other nations in having both good & otherwise people


وَقَطَّعْنَاهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ أُمَمًا ۖ مِّنْهُمُ الصَّالِحُونَ وَمِنْهُمْ دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ

translation “And We divided them(children of Israel) throughout the earth into nations. Of them are righteous, and of them are otherwise. —-


وَمِن قَوْمِ مُوسَىٰ أُمَّةٌ يَهْدُونَ بِالْحَقِّ وَبِهِ يَعْدِلُونَ

translation “And among the people of Musa is a community which guides by truth and by it establishes justice.”———-


وَمِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ مَنْ إِن تَأْمَنْهُ بِقِنطَارٍ يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ إِن تَأْمَنْهُ بِدِينَارٍ لَّا يُؤَدِّهِ إِلَيْكَ إِلَّا مَا دُمْتَ عَلَيْهِ قَائِمًا

translation “And among the People of the Scripture is he who, if you entrust him with a great amount [of wealth], he will return it to you. And among them is he who, if you entrust him with a [single] silver coin, he will not return it to you unless you are constantly standing over him [demanding it].”—–


لَيْسُوا سَوَاءً ۗ مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أُمَّةٌ قَائِمَةٌ يَتْلُونَ آيَاتِ اللَّـهِ آنَاءَ اللَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ ﴿١١٣﴾ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّـهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ ﴿١١٤﴾ وَمَا يَفْعَلُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلَن يُكْفَرُوهُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالْمُتَّقِينَ

translation “They are not [all] the same; among the People of the Scripture is a community standing [in obedience], reciting the verses of Allah during periods of the night and prostrating [in prayer]..They believe in Allah and the Last Day, and they enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and hasten to good deeds. And those are among the righteous And whatever good they do – never will it be removed from them. And Allah is Knowing of the righteous.”—