Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



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  1. Sheikh “Muhammad Abduh”(1849-1905) the Head of Islamic verdict in Egypt & most Islamic countries in his time wrote on this matter saying that there should be social solidarity between the nation rich & poor & that the economic injustice is one of the worst injustice that can happen to a human from another human , which this results in harms & dangers to society such as enmity & grudge between the poor & rich , also concentrating the nation wealth in the hands of a very small number of people leads to the fall of purchasing power at the level of the poor thus causing a market depression & economic problems also leading to social & political disturbances & maybe chaos , thus it is a must that the rich people to have a duty towards the poor in their society to protect the society from these dangers, which is in the interest of the rich as well as the poor
  1. The Sheikh gave an example of how Islam banned usury which is a bad form of exploiting the need of the needy persons . Also Islam has enacted  mandatory “Zakat” , that is some money to be taken from the wealthy & given to the poor, & highly encouraged voluntary charity & giving money to the poor & needy ,this is in addition to taxes & levies that can be imposed by government for social & public spending purposes. Also laws should also be enacted to combat social injustice & unfair exploitation or monopoly & to establish a fair just economic social system for both the rich & poor
  1. See below Quran verses emphasizing social solidarity & the high reward & laud & commending by Allah given to the rich person who spends & gives to the poor & in other good purposes , all in the way of ALLAH

2;261 مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّـهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

translation “The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing”——–

2;3 الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

translation “Who believe in the unseen, establish prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them,”—–

2;219 وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا يُنفِقُونَ قُلِ الْعَفْوَ

translation “And they ask you what they should spend. Say, “The excess [beyond needs].”—

2;177 وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ

translation “and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves”——-