Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



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  1. Sheikh “Muhammad Abduh”(1849-1905) the Head of Islamic verdict in Egypt & most Islamic countries in his time has written that the Ruler in Islam is merely a civil ruler & the state ruling is a totally civil ruling & there is no religious state in Islam or religious authority to anyone& the ruler in Islam is not a flawless or impeccable person & he is to be elected or selected by the will of the nation/people & it is up to the people will to maintain the ruler or change him & the Islamic scholar or religious figures or imams or muftis or rulers are not revealed to & no one of them & no one at all has the right to monopolize or dominate the interpretation of Quran or religion or talk on behalf of Allah or prophet & no one has  any kind of religious authority or ruling on people belief & the only authority given to them is only a civil authority of giving advice & reminders only in good & tender manner without any control to anyone way of belief 
  1. He also added that Islamic religion totally demolished & turned over & abolished any kind of religious authority or control on any one belief of faith & there is not any kind of theocracy or religious authority or power in Islam . Islam has not given to anyone after Allah & his prophet any authority or power or control over anyone belief or religion even the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was assigned by ALLAH only as a messenger & reminder & not as a dominator or controller over people , & this is clearly stated in Quran in many verses , an example is verse

88;21-22 ” فَذَكِّرْ إِنَّمَا أَنتَ مُذَكِّرٌ ﴿٢١﴾ لَّسْتَ عَلَيْهِم بِمُصَيْطِرٍ .

translation is “So remind, [O Muhammad]; you are only a reminder, You are not over them a controller (dominator)”——, so how come any muslim on earth allows himself to claim that he is having a religious authority to control people if this authority was not given to the Prophet himself & no one on earth can be better than Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

  1. It is true in Islam that all man made rulings & laws need to be enacted under the rational understanding of the religion guidelines umbrella of justice & social rulings of marriage , divorce , inheritance .. etc , thus this makes all these enacted laws & rules merely civil because it is to the best of the law makers understanding & no one has the right to claim himself an agent or representative or proxy of Allah on earth . It is believed that Prophet (saws) said “ Do not say that you have ruled the judgment of Allah , but say that you have ruled your own judgment  , because you do not know if your ruling complied with Allah judgment or not “

لا تقل انزلت فيهم حكم الله و لكن قل حكمك فانت لا تدرى ان كنت اصبت حكم الله ام اخطأته”

It is also narrated that khalifa Omar in his rulings & judgments always stated saying “this is the opinion of Khalifa Omar , Amir of believers “ & not Allah ruling or judgment” . It is true that the Prophet at his time was leading the believers but no one has the right to equate himself to the prophet , & this prophet leadership was  a tutorial leadership for teaching muslims on their religion & give them an example of righteous judgment as stated by Allah in Quran

62;2 رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ

translation ”  Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom”—–moreover the Prophet is believed to have said to his companions “ Refer your religious matters to me & your world & life matters to yourselves

”أما شئون دينكم فهى لى و أما شئون دنياكم فهى لكم

&  the Prophet biography proves that the non revealed non religious matters were not solely decided by Prophet  & this is  also stated in Quran which instructs him that the non revealed religious issues are to be  decided by consulting & voting between the  community “shoura” & not dominated by Prophet  which gives an example of the  way of ruling known in modern politics as “democracy”  see Quran verse on decision making mode


وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ

translation ‘consult with them & consider & take into account their opinion” ———-  & Q42;38

وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ بَيْنَهُمْ

translation “ and whose affairs is [determined by] consultation among themselves’——-For more on that see my article “Islam establishes Democracy”

Thus any religious judgment or any judgment made by any ruler or judge is a mere opinion of this person within what he deems to be just or in line with the religion..

  1. Also, all those who politicize religion & try to influence on people votes & political opinions by using religion are doing this for their own personal gain & interest & are wearing an Islamic mask to reach their personal goals & benefits & practice their tyranny & authoritarian ruling & crushing their political opponents unjustly under the name of Islam