Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



Download PDF

Sheikh “Muhammad Abduh” (Egypt 1849-1905) the head of Islamic verdict body (Mufti )for Egypt &most Islamic countries in his time wrote on that issue as follows;

  • • To answer this question let us first know  that only Allah decides the fate of the people (hell or heaven) as per Quran

لِّلَّـهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْ‌ضِ ۗ وَإِن تُبْدُوا مَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوْ تُخْفُوهُ يُحَاسِبْكُم بِهِ اللَّـهُ ۖ فَيَغْفِرُ‌ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِير 2;284 ٌ‌

translation is “To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. Whether you show what is within yourselves or conceal it, Allah will bring you to account for it. Then He will forgive whom He wills and punish whom He wills, and Allah is over all things competent”—

  • Also Quran states that everyone -regardless of his belief or disbelief – will be fairly & justly judged on the doomsday & will be rewarded for his good or bad acts Q8;99

فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ ﴿٧﴾ وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ;

translation is “So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it”—–

also Quran talking about doomsday judgment Q16;11

“يَوْمَ تَأْتِي كُلُّ نَفْسٍ تُجَادِلُ عَن نَّفْسِهَا وَتُوَفَّىٰ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّا عَمِلَتْ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

translation is” On the Day when every soul will come disputing for itself, and every soul will be fully compensated for what it did, and they will not be misjudged( wronged or oppressed)”—-

.Also Q21;47

وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا

translation is “And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all”—

…..Now what about the atheists & agnostics who did not believe in ALLAH/GOD sent religious messages (either Judaism or Christanity or Islam ) & messengers at their relevant times & until the doomsday time, well these atheists & agnostics are categorized as follows;

  1. Those who were not at all informed about ALLAH/GOD messages & these are definitely not punished for their disbelief in compliance with Quran 17;15

“وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّىٰ نَبْعَثَ رَسُولًا

“translationis “And never would We punish until We sent a messenger.”—-

  1. Those who were informed but in a wrong or marred or incomplete way that is not sufficient to let the listener consider it seriously & those fall under the first category of not punishable

3> Those who were properly & duly & correctly informed but refused to listen or consider either due to their intransigence or arrogance or negligence & those are the blameworthy ones who will be punished & only Allah will decide if they really received his message in a fully proper & convincing way but they arrogantly refuted it or not & the trial will be by the most just the most merciful & no one will be oppressed or misjudged