Head of Islamic Verdict Body (Mufti) In Egypt & Most Islamic Countries



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.ISLAM is pro monogamy (one man one woman marriage) & this is clear in Quran verses . Sheikh “Muhammad Abduh” (1849-1905)the head of the Islamic Verdict body (Mufti) in Egypt & most Islamic world in his time issued a VERDICT ALLOWING THE RESTRICTION OF POLYGAMY & not allowing polygamy except under certain conditions as in war times where women population greatly outnumber men population or other specific cases as per society interest & not only to satisfy the male lust of the men. If the man insists to marry another wife , then either his first wife approves or a divorce takes place between the man & wife , then the man can marry another . This verdict is fully based on Quran verses as seen below

1) If polygamy was the better choice for human , then Allah would have created more than one spouse for our father  Adam , but he  created for him one spouse only (Eve) .  Polygamy is practically needed in cases of war times or similar when the women population greatly outnumber men & there are too much left widows & orphans & single women, then to maintain social balance & justice for these orphans & women , polygamy was enacted to allow the outnumbering women to get married & orphans to be brought up in a better way . Looking at the Quran verses, you will find that Quran verses allowed & restricted polygamy at the same time whereby ALLAH the legislator has restricted marriage to one wife only if  injustice is feared in polygamy , then HE stated that the  justice between women cannot be maintained , Quran 4;3 & 4;129

ٰ, وَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تُقْسِطُوا فِي الْيَتَامَى فَانكِحُوا مَا طَابَ لَكُم مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ مَثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ ۖ فَإِنْ خِفْتُمْ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا فَوَاحِدَةً>>>>> , وَلَن تَسْتَطِيعُوا أَن تَعْدِلُوا بَيْنَ النِّسَاءِ وَلَوْ حَرَصْتُمْ

translation is ” And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphans, then marry those that please you of (other) women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one>>>>>>> And you will never be able to be just (equal) between women even if you strive ” — And the Sheikh says in his verdict that within our modern age & from studying the cases of polygamy & their consequences , we find that polygamy resulted in injustice shown in enmity between children of different wives & many family problems

2) “Fatima” daughter of Prophet Muhammad (saws) stipulated when she married Ali , that he cannot marry another woman over her & this is the right of every woman to stipulate such condition in the marriage agreement terms

3) PROPHET (SAWS) WAS A ONE MAN WOMAN married for many years to his first wife “Khadija” & was in deep love with & very faithful to her even though she was older than him & after her death he was much saddened &remained two years without marriage , after which he married others & each marriage case was an example for muslims to set up marriage criteria not only based on beauty , youth & virginity but more on piety & manners of muslim or people of scripture women, whereby he also married a Christian, Jewish , virgin , divorcee ,widow , rich or poor ,either younger or older than him , moreover the women population at the time of prophet were many times the number of men due to loss of men in wars , thus polygamy was at that time a solution for orphans & widows to maintain social justice & balance & if the Prophet at that time would have restricted himself from polygamy , then probably most muslim men would have followed his pursuit leading to severe social problems to single widows & orphans